Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677)

Baruch Spinoza born Benedito de Espinosa, was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.

Biography https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baruch_Spinoza