Baron Edmund de Rothschild (1845-1934)
The Rothschild family have for over two centuries formed a financial dynasty without parallel either in Jewish or general history. Edmund played the most significant role of any Rothschild in Jewish history. His support for Jewish colonization of Palestine came to dominate his life.
When pioneers arrived in Palestine toward the end of the nineteenth century, they established farming villages under very harsh conditions: malaria-spreading marshlands, hostile neighbors, restrictions imposed by the Turkish authorities and a lack of farming know-how.
Baron Edmond de Rothschild, who donated huge sums in purchasing tracts of land and helping the settlers, came to their rescue by providing agricultural instructors and planting vineyards. Baron Rothschild's memory is revered today through Israel for the enormous and crucial help that he provided.
From "The Story of Israel in Stamps", by Maxim and Gabriel Shamir. Wilshire Book Co., No. Hollywood, CA, 1972.