Maimonides (1135-1204)

MOSES MAIMONIDES  (in Hebrew: Rav or Rabbi Moshe Ben Maimon, or "RaMBaM" -- the acronym of his name), was the most important Jewish philosopher of the Middle Ages. Maimonides was born in the Spanish city of Cordoba at a time when about one-fifth of the people in southern Spain were Jews. However, Maimonides and his family fled to Fustat (now Cairo) because of rising anti-Semitism in Spain. There Maimonides worked as a physician, but also became a scholar of Jewish law and a philosopher. Among other works, Maimonides wrote "The Guide of the Perplexed," a treatment of several philosophical issues. His attempts to synthesize Jewish revelation and Aristotelean philosophy influenced the ideas of many Christian thinkers including St. Albert the Great and St. Thomas Aquinas. He became physician to the Sultan Saladin and a communal leader of Egyptian Jewry, and he became an important figure in the codification of Jewish law. In his later years Maimonides became famous throughout Europe. England's King Richard asked him to be his Royal Physician, but Maimonides preferred to stay in Cairo and pursue his work there. The "Daily Prayer Of A Physician" is attributed to Maimonides, but was probably written by Marcus Herz, a German physician, pupil of Immanual Kant, and physician to Moses Mendelssohn. It first appeared in print in about 1793.

See this website by Jonathan Baker for a more in depth look at Maimonides and his writings.