Eliezer Ben Yehudah (1858-1922)
Eliezer Ben-Yehudah was the renovator of the modern Hebrew language. Born in Lithuania, he went to Paris in 1878 to study medicine. The following year, he began to publish articles advocating Jewish settlement in Palestine. He settled and taught in Jerusalem where he fought for the acceptance of Hebrew as a spoken language. Ben-Yehuda published an extensive modern Hebrew dictionary and founded the Va'ad haLishon ha Ivrit, or Hebrew Language Council.