David Ben-Gurion (1886-1973) was an orator, prolific journalist, and Israeli statesman. Born in Plonsk, Poland, he joined the Zionist movement early and came to Palestine in 1906. After studying law in Constantinople, he returned to Palestine where he was expelled soon by the Turks. He lived in the United States until 1918 and was active in Labor Zionist politics and organizing volunteers. A chairman of various Zionist executives, it was his leadership that was largely responsible for the implementation of the U.N. resolution of 1947 recommending the establishment of the State of Israel. He served as Prime Minister and Minister of Defense of Israel.
Bibliography: The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia. C. Roth and G. Wigoder, eds. Doubleday and Co., Garden City, NY, 1970.